This article is published in partnership of Mediabuzzer.
From learning to holding a pencil to cutting with scissors, problem-solving, and taking turns, pre-schoolers need a few skills to help them do well. The early years are the perfect time build a strong foundation in certain developmental areas. Here are a few skills to help your child do well in preschool.
- Cognitive Development Skills
This is about thinking and learning. Cognitive skills include:
- Problem solving
- Asking questions
- Simple reasoning
- Increasing the attention span
- Understanding cause and effect
- Understanding fiction
Pre-schoolers love to collect things, and they love to ask questions. Have your child practice things over and over again, too, and get them to try new things.
- Physical Development Skills
These skills are also important for your child and include:
- Body awareness – sitting next to someone instead of on their lap
- Muscle control, coordination, and balance
- Self-help skills
- Nutrition, health, exercise, and wellness
During their early years, children learn to take control of and manage their bodies. They become more aware of themselves and what their bodies can and cannot do. Balance and coordination play is important, as are fine motor skills. When you find a Guardian preschool near you or perhaps a similar preschool, you’ll find that teachers will be mindful of important milestones in your child’s physical development and will provide ample opportunity to practice their developmental skills.
- Social and Emotional Development Skills
These skills include:
- Participating and engaging in learning
- Regulating own emotions and behaviour
- Developing curiosity of the world, a working memory, and persistence
- Developing friendships with other children and adults
- Developing a positive personal identity
Children are both naturally curious and social, and they’re packed with lots of emotions. They need help navigating their feelings and they need to learn how to respond and react in social situations.
- Language Development Skills
Children are naturally social, but they need the skills to be able to clearly communicate their feelings and ideas. You can help your child develop the following:
- Listening and speaking, asking and answering questions, participating in conversations, adding details, describing things, speaking clearly in complete sentences
- Emergent writing – beginning letter formations, developmentally appropriate drawings
- Reading skills – phonics, the concept of print
- Adaptive/Self-Help Development Skills
Self-help skills are needed for daily living and include:
- Feeding oneself
- Brushing hair
- Brushing teeth
In this category are any other skills needed for daily living. These are all skills that can help a child become more self-sufficient and independent.
While you may think some skills are more important than others, each of these domains carry equal weight for pre-schoolers. And they interlink. For example, to execute fine motor movements, gross motor strength is necessary, and that leads to holding a pencil which in turn leads to developing writing and language skills, and those apply to self-help skills.
You can use this list to help your child prepare for, and do well in, preschool while continuing to build his or her skills throughout life.